Amelia Mary Earhart (1897-1937) was a pioneer of aviation, and the first solo female to cross the Atlantic in an aircraft. As well as being a decorated pilot, Earhart was an advocate of women's rights, a best-selling author, a fashion designer and icon, and an aeronautical engineering consultant. During a round the world flying attempt in 1937, Amelia and her plane vanished somewhere over the Pacific Ocean, sparking a decades-long mystery as to where she ended up.
Academic and novelist Madeleine de Scudéry (1607-1701) is widely credited with being France's first woman to publicly achieve a highly educated status. She founded her own salon, the Société du Samedi, and quickly became Paris' leading literary hostess. She was an advocate of classical rhetorical theory and an important figure in the push for female education.